The first ten were spent fighting in the Trojan War, and the next ten were spent in continual wanderings en route home from the war. His wife Penelope, meanwhile, has been harassed by dozens of suitors who have come to win her hand in marriage. Penelope, desperately clinging to the hope that her husband is still alive, tries to stall the suitors by making them an idle promise:
Summary Analysis Homer begins by asking the Muse, the goddess of poetry and music, to sing to him about Odysseus and his travels. Odysseus and his crew have seen many strange lands and have suffered many trials. Their careless behavior has sometimes angered the gods, who have prevented their safe return to Ithaca.
The nymph Calypso has held Odysseus captive for seven years on the island Ogygia, and the goddess Athena has come before an assembly of the gods to plead for his release. We learn that Athena favors Odysseus, for some reason, and has made it her mission to ensure his safe return.
Zeus decides to spare Odysseus and sends Hermes to order Calypso to release Odysseus from captivity: She finds Telemachus sitting idly in the midst of the festivities, dreaming of routing the insolent suitors from the estate.
Athena usually takes human form in her interactions with Telemachus, perhaps in order to make her divine interventions less conspicuous. Active Themes After Telemachus has given Athena a proper welcome, she tells Telemachus that Odysseus is still alive, and that he is held captive on a faraway island.
She prophesies that Odysseus will soon return to his home. Telemachus describes the shame the suitors have brought upon the estate. Athena advises that he gather a crew and sail to Pylos and then to Sparta in search of information about Odysseus.
Telemachus thanks the stranger for the kind advice; his memory of Odysseus grows vivid and his strength increases, and he thinks that the stranger must have been a god. Telemachus carefully follows the customs of hospitality: His conversation with Athena invigorates him, but in what way?
Or does Athena magically grant him increased strength and confidence? Penelope obeys him, surprised by his good sense and strong will. He tells her not to blame men for something that is the will of the gods, thus shows respect to the gods.
Active Themes After Athena flies away, Telemachus addresses the suitors. He tells them to leave his household at once, or Zeus, the god of hospitality, will punish them for their wrongdoings. Antinous responds that only the gods could give Telemachus the power to speak so courageously.
Eurymachus adds that the gods alone decide who will rule Ithaca, and inquires about the strange visitor. Telemachus replies that the visitor was Mentes, a friend of Laertes, but he knows in his heart that the visitor was the goddess Athena. Telemachus knows now that Athena shares his sense of right and wrong — of honor and dishonor — and so he addresses the suitors with great conviction.
He threatens them with the vengeance of the gods: Retrieved September 22, Introduction to The Odyssey. Homer's second epic, The Odyssey, is a sequel to The Iliad.
If The Iliad is all about the wrath of Achilles, The Odyssey is all about the cunning of Odysseus. The Odyssey follows three story lines, which overlap and interweave throughout the epic: The story of Odysseus' son, Telemachus, trying to find his father. The Odyssey Analysis Literary Devices in The Odyssey.
Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory.
Setting (Click the map infographic to download.) Much of the action in the Odyssey takes place on the sea, where Odysseus must battle against the storms of the sea god, Poseidon, but the last third of the.
The Odyssey Homework Help Questions. What is the importance of Odysseus's bed in Homer's Odyssey? By the time Homer's audience encounters Odyssey 23, Odysseus has revealed his identity to .
The Odyssey study guide contains a biography of Homer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
About The Odyssey The Odyssey Summary. Literary analysis involves examining all the parts of a novel, play, short story, or poem—elements such as character, setting, tone, and imagery—and thinking about . To Homer Through Pope: An Introduction to Homer’s “Iliad” and Pope’s Translation.
London: Chatto and Windus, London: Chatto and Windus, Mason devotes last chapter to The Odyssey and major translators of that work.