An analysis of the political systems of middle eastern countries

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An analysis of the political systems of middle eastern countries

By Richard WikeKatie SimmonsBruce Stokes and Janell Fetterolf Public attitudes about the political system broadly and the national government specifically vary considerably around the world, though many are critical.

Opinions are closely related to the status of the economy and domestic politics.

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Similarly, people who support the governing party or parties in their country tend to give more positive evaluations of their democracy than those who support either the opposition or no political party at all.

Levels of satisfaction vary considerably by region and within regions. Overall, people in the Asia-Pacific region are the most happy with their democracies. At least half in five of the six Asian nations where this question was asked express satisfaction.

The survey in South Korea was conducted in February and March of this year, amid the corruption scandal that led to the impeachment of then-President Park Geun-hye. People in sub-Saharan Africa also tend to be more satisfied than others around the world with the performance of their political system.

Majorities in Tanzania, Ghana, Senegal and Kenya say their democracy is working well. South Africans and Nigerians, however, are more dissatisfied. Elsewhere, satisfaction with democracy is considerably lower.

Just under half in the U. While broad majorities in Sweden, the Netherlands and Germany say their political system is functioning well, roughly half of British and Poles say the same.

Similarly, majorities in most countries surveyed in the Middle East and Latin America express disappointment with how democracy is working in their nation.

Mexicans and Lebanese are the most dissatisfied, with at least nine-in-ten in each country who say their current political system is not working well. In many countries, partisanship has a significant impact on attitudes about the functioning of democracy.

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People who identify with the current governing party or parties are significantly more satisfied with their political system than those who either support the opposition or identify with no political party see Appendix for how governing party supporters were coded.

For example, in the U.

An analysis of the political systems of middle eastern countries

The partisan divisions over the functioning of democracy are particularly large in Europe. Of the 10 countries surveyed in the region, six publics exhibit a gap of at least 20 percentage points in democratic satisfaction between those who identify with the governing party or parties and those who do not.

Outside of Europe, the partisan divisions on this question are largest in Venezuela 43 pointsIsrael 39 and Nigeria People who are satisfied with how democracy works in their country also tend to say they trust the national government to do what is right for the country.

Given that, the global distribution of trust in national governments is very similar to attitudes about the political system more broadly. People in the Asia-Pacific and sub-Saharan Africa regions are more positive about their national government than others around the world, while publics in the Middle East, Latin America and southern Europe are especially negative.

Still, some countries stand out for their lack of trust. As with democratic satisfaction, attitudes about the national government are deeply partisan.

An analysis of the political systems of middle eastern countries

In 30 of the 37 countries, people who identify with the governing party express more trust in the government than those who do not identify with the leading party.

In 13 countries, the partisan gap is 30 percentage points or more. Another key political driver of attitudes about the national government in Europe is support for populist parties. In many European countries, where rising populist sentiment has upended traditional political dynamics, people who have favorable views of populist parties are considerably more skeptical of the national government than those who have an unfavorable attitude toward these parties.

The difference is largest in Germany: Publics that have experienced a higher level of economic growth over the past five years tend to have more confidence in their national government to do the right thing for their country.

For example, in India, where the economy has grown on average by 6. This pattern appears at the individual level as well. Within each country, people who say the economy is doing well are more likely to trust the national government than those who say the economy is bad.

In 29 of the 37 countries asked the question, the trust gap between those who are happy with the economy and those who are unhappy is at least 20 percentage points. As with partisan divisions on this question, European countries tend to have some of the largest differences between those who think the economy is good and those who do not.Coopersmith Career Consulting, an NCCRS member since June , facilitates the preparation of nontraditional post-secondary students for careers that match their interests and abilities.

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Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, Roberts Road, Subiaco, Western Australia, Australia. Saudi Arabia is one of the oil rich countries in the Middle East. It is a leading oil producer. The Saudi Arabians have a supreme monarchial political system.

Origins Influences and major thinkers. World-systems theory traces emerged in the s. Its roots can be found in sociology, but it has developed into a highly interdisciplinary field.

World-systems theory was aiming to replace modernization theory, which Wallerstein criticised for three reasons. its focus on the nation state as the only unit of analysis.

3 Przeworski, Adam et. al.,Democracy and Development: Political Institutions and Well-being in the World, (Cambridge University Press, ). Religion plays a role in political decision-making in virtually all Middle Eastern countries, but in very different ways.

In the Islamic Republic of Iran, for example, the government is run by.

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