Elizabeth Meyers, 20, of Severn, Md. For the new study, researchers at the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute installed video cameras, global positioning systems, lane trackers, gadgets to measure speed and acceleration, and other sensors in the cars of 42 newly licensed drivers 16 or 17 years old, and adults with an average of 20 years behind the wheel. Parents hope photo of son's fatal text serves as warning The risk of a crash or near-miss among young drivers increased more than sevenfold if they were dialing or reaching for a cellphone and fourfold if they were sending or receiving a text message.
Talking on a cell phone is generally considered to distract a driver and to increase the chance of accidents. Because of this, many governments have made it illegal to use cell phones while driving.
Overpeople in the United States sustain injuries from cell phone distracted drivers. Only some states have laws against using cell phones while driving. Other states have chosen only to limit the use of cell phones while driving, and have left it to local jurisdictions to determine their own laws related to driving and talking on a cell phone.
This results in confusion for an increasingly transient United States culture. A American study and a Australian study both estimated that the risk of collision when driving while using a cell phone was four times higher.
According to a study conducted by The American National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NHTSAin 80 percent of crashes and 65 percent of near-crashes, there is some form of driver inattention within three seconds before the crash.
Cell phones are the biggest culprits of driver inattention. Hands-Free Contrary to popular belief, studies suggest that driving while using a hands-free device is not safer than driving with a hand held cell phone. A study by the Transport Research Laboratory, with a driving simulator, concluded that hands-free phone conversations impair driving performance more so than other distractions such as conversations with a passenger.
The increased crash risk in both hands-free and hand held cell phone use is at odds with legislation in many locations that prohibits hand held cell phone use but allows hands-free. Since dialing buttons on a cell phone is more distracting than talking on a cell phone, hands-free devices that offer voice-dialing may reduce the increased risk to a limited extent.
Talking on Cell-Phone vis-a-vis Talking With Co-Passenger Studies have produced mixed results on the dangers of talking on a cell phone versus those of talking with a passenger. The common belief is that passengers are able to better regulate conversation based on the perceived level of danger, therefore the risk is negligible.
On measuring the attention levels, it was seen that subjects were four times more distracted while preparing to speak or speaking than when they were listening. However, a University of Utah simulation study that compared passenger and cell-phone conversations concluded that the driver performs better when conversing with a passenger because the traffic and driving task become part of the conversation.
Drivers holding conversations on cell phones were four times more likely to miss the highway exit than those with passengers, and drivers conversing with passengers showed no statistically significant difference from lone drivers in the simulator.
In contrast, the University of Illinois meta-analysis concluded that conversations with fellow passengers were just as costly to driving performance as cell phone ones. American Automobile Association AAA ranks passengers as the third most reported cause of distraction-related accidents at 11 percent, compared to 1.
A simulation study funded by the American Transportation Research Board concluded that driving events that require urgent responses may be influenced by in-vehicle conversations and that there is little practical evidence that passengers adjusted their conversations to changes in the traffic.
Texting There is limited scientific literature on the dangers of driving while sending a text message from a cell phone.
A study by the Monash University Accident Research Centre pointed to strong evidence that retrieving and, in particular, sending text messaged has critically detrimental effect on a number of safety critical driving measures. A separate study at the University of Utah found a six fold increase in distraction-related accidents when texting.
The reason for the lack of scientific studies may be because of the general assumption that if talking on a cell phone increases risk, then texting also increases risk.
The Harris Poll The Harris Poll conducted online within the United States between May 11 and 18,among 2, adults aged 18 and over throw much light on the aspect of use of cell phone while driving.
A study by the National Safety Council found that most drivers ignore the evidence about the risks of using cell phones and the advice of safety experts.
A study by the Harvard Center of Risk Analysis estimated that six percent of crashes occurred due to the use of cell phone while driving. Key findings in this Harris Poll include: These findings point to several important conclusions: Cell phone use by drivers is very widespread.
Large numbers of people do not obey state laws that forbid the use of hand-held phones.
Most people believe that hands-free cell phone use is safer than using hand-held phones. Most drivers send and receive text messages while driving. Neither Canada except for Newfoundland and Quebec nor the United States are among the countries restricting use.
In the United States, some of the states have strict cell phone regulations for novice drivers prohibiting them from talking on a cell phone while driving. Some of the states ban texting while driving while others do not allow certain occupational drivers like drivers of school bus to use the cell phone while driving.
Depending on the jurisdiction, a person may be ticketed for using the cell phone even if they have not committed any other traffic offence. Use of cell phone while driving may impact the amount of damages a person is eligible to receive in a lawsuit.Each day in the United States, approximately 9 people are killed and more than 1, injured in crashes that are reported to involve a distracted driver.
1 Distracted driving is driving while doing another activity that takes your attention away from driving. But cell phones are only one of the many contributors to distracted driving. In fact, a study by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and Virginia Tech Transportation Institute (VTTI) found that talking on a cell phone is only the second most time-consuming distraction for drivers.
But what about talking on a cell phone while driving? Cell Phone Conversations Are Distracted Driving. Talking on a cell phone is not illegal in Florida but it does distract you from driving and is a cause of thousands of car accidents a year in Florida. Out of the 34, fatal accidents in , 3, were related to distract driving (Insurance n.
pag.). Now with 82 percent of teen’s ages having a cell phone and 76 percent of them being texters, texting while driving is becoming very frequent. Distracted driving crashes are under-reported and the NSC estimates that cell phone use alone accounted for 27% of car crashes.
NSC In , there were 3, people killed and an estimated additional , injured in crashes involving distracted drivers.
During daylight hours approximately , drivers are using cell phones while driving, which creates enormous potential for deaths and injuries on America's roadways.
Teens were the largest age group reported as distracted at the time of fatal crashes.