Without published papers, it can be difficult—if not impossible—to obtain funding or a promotion, so writing a paper well is a crucial skill for career development. Her general approach to composing a scientific paper? The main goal of the introduction is to inform the reader of the question you set out to answer and why answering this question is important. This will vary depending on the journal; a journal with a broader reach generally requires more background information in the introduction.
Dowsing for metal ore, from " De re metallica libri XII" book Use of a divining Rod observed in Britain in the late 18th century Dowsing as practiced today may have originated in Germany during the 16th century, when it was used in attempts to find metals.
As early as Martin Luther listed dowsing for metals as an act that broke the first commandment i. By Georgius Agricola 's treatment of mining and smelting of ore, De Re Metallicaincluded a detailed description of dowsing for metal ore.
There are many great contentions between miners concerning the forked twig, for some say that it is of the greatest use in discovering veins, and others deny it. All alike grasp the forks of the twig with their hands, clenching their fists, it being necessary that the clenched fingers should be held toward the sky in order that the twig should be raised at that end where the two branches meet.
Then they wander hither and thither at random through mountainous regions. In other parts of England, the technique was used in Elizabeth's royal mines for calamine. By German miners were recorded using the technique in silver mines in Wales.
In the philosopher John Locke, who was born in the West Country, used the term deusing-rod for the old Latin name virgula divina. Boyle saw the hazel divining rod "virgula divinatoria" stoop in the hands of the diviner, who protested that he was not applying any force to the twig; Boyle accepted the man's genuine belief but himself remained unconvinced.
Barrett wrote in his book Psychical Research that: Teresa of Spain, the following incident is narrated: This, I believe, is the first historical reference to dowsing for water. Its abuse led to a decree of the inquisition inforbidding its employment for purposes of justice. The following explanation is from William Pryce 's Mineralogia Cornubiensis: In effect the Mineral particles seem to be emitted from the earth; now the Virgula [rod], being of a light porous wood, gives an easy passage to these particles, which are also very fine and subtle; the effluvia then driven forwards by those that follow them, and pressed at the same time by the atmosphere incumbent on them, are forced to enter the little interstices between the fibres of the wood, and by that effort they oblige it to incline, or dip down perpendicularly, to become parallel with the little columns which those vapours form in their rise.
A study towards the end of the nineteenth century concluded that the phenomenon was attributed to cryptesthesia, whereby the practitioner made unconscious observations of the terrain and involuntarily influenced the movement of the rod. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Y-Rods[ edit ] George Casely uses a hazel twig to attempt to find water on the land around his Devon farm Traditionally, the most common dowsing rod is a forked Y-shaped branch from a tree or bush. Some dowsers prefer branches from particular trees, and some prefer the branches to be freshly cut.In scientific writing, you are not writing to tell a story; you're writing to make an argument and support your points.
There's a way to do that well.
How to Write Your First Research Paper. Elena D.
Kallestinova By finding the niche, you outline the scope of your research problem and enter the scientific dialogue. The final move, “occupying the niche,” is where you explain your research in a nutshell and highlight your paper’s significance.
Writing Your Journal Article in Scientific Article Review Definition of Genre Summaries and critiques are two ways to write a review of a scientific journal article.
Both types of writing ask you first to read and understand an article from the primary literature about .
How to Write a Paper in Scientific Journal Style and Format (pdf) Bates College kaja-net.com~ganderso/biology/resources/writing/kaja-net.com 5 3. A major part of any writing assignment consists of re-writing. Write accurately. Scientific writing must be accurate.
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Although writing instructors may tell you not to use the same word twice in a sentence, it's okay for scientific writing, which must be accurate. Note: Many of the pages are now available in printer friendly PDF format.
Look for the link on the top each page below the title.