In cold fact, the new Russian government was not quite as new as many of its admirers and enemies believed.
The European and Japanese empires were shattered and communist parties played a leading role in many independence movements.
On the previous day, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev the eighth and final leader of the Soviet Union resigned, declared his office extinct and handed over its powers — including control of the Soviet nuclear missile launching codes — to Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
That evening at 7: North Korea currently refers to its leading ideology as Juchewhich is portrayed as a development of Marxism—Leninism.
Communist parties, or their descendant parties, remain politically important in a number of other countries. In Indiaas of Marchcommunists lead the government of only one stateKerala.
In Nepalcommunists hold a majority in the parliament. In these countries, the land is a universal public monopoly administered by the state, as are natural resources and vital industries and services.
The public sector is the dominant sector in these economies and the state plays a central role in coordinating economic development. Marxism does not see communism as a "state of affairs" to be established, but rather as the expression of a real movement, with parameters which are derived completely from real life and not based on any intelligent design.
At the root of Marxism is the materialist conception of historyknown as historical materialism for short. It holds that the key characteristic of economic systems through history has been the mode of production and that the change between modes of production has been triggered by class struggle.
According to this analysis, the Industrial Revolution ushered the world into a new mode of production: Thus with capitalism the world was divided between two major classes: Historical materialism goes on and says: This was another of the keys behind the consolidation of capitalism as the new mode of production, which is the final expression of class and property relations and also has led into a massive expansion of production.
It is therefore only in capitalism that private property in itself can be abolished. In between capitalism and communism there is the dictatorship of the proletariata democratic state where the whole of the public authority is elected and recallable under the basis of universal suffrage.
An important concept in Marxism is socialization vs. Nationalization is merely state ownership of property, whereas socialization is actual control and management of property by society.
Marxism considers socialization its goal and considers nationalization a tactical issue, with state ownership still being in the realm of the capitalist mode of production; in the words of Engels: Not a handful of rich people, but all the working people must enjoy the fruits of their common labour.
Machines and other improvements must serve to ease the work of all and not to enable a few to grow rich at the expense of millions and tens of millions of people. This new and better society is called socialist society.RUSSIAN COINS AND CURRENCY CLICK HERE FOR COINS OF THE FORMER REPUBLICS OF THE U.S.S.R.
RUSSIAN SILVER WIRE MONEY. For hundreds of years much of Russian commerce was based on these tiny silver coins called wire money. Lenin - the Early Years Владимир Ильич Ленин - (Vladimir Ilyich Lenin) born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, 22 April [O.S.
10 April] – 21 January ) was a Russian communist . The history of communism encompasses a wide variety of ideologies and political movements sharing the core theoretical values of common ownership of wealth, economic enterprise and property..
Most modern forms of communism are grounded at least nominally in Marxism, an ideology conceived by noted sociologist Karl Marx during the midth century. Marxism subsequently gained a widespread. The Secret World of American Communism (Annals of Communism Series) [Harvey Klehr, John Earl Haynes, Fridrikh Igorevich Firsov] on kaja-net.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
For the first time, the hidden world of American communism can be examined with the help of documents from the recently opened archives of the former Soviet Union. The start of Communism in Russian can be attributed to the harsh inequalities of 19th century life. Communism developed from the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, and became popular amongst the workers of Russia due to the many difficulties experienced through tsarist rule.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.