There are beaches, bays, swamps, coral reefs, cliffs, and plains. The climate resembles that of the other islands of the Greater Antilles islands.
Republic of Cuba Orientation Identification. Christopher Columbus landed on the island in and named it Juana after Prince Juan, the heir apparent to the throne of Castille.
The island lies about ninety miles south of the Florida Keys.
The area of the country is 48, square milessquare kilometers. About a third of the island is mountainous, consisting of the Guaniguanco chain in the western province of Pinar del Rio, the Escambrey in the south-central province of Las Villas, and the largest system, the Sierra Maestra, in the western province of Oriente.
Since the European conquest, the western third of the island has exercised military, political, economic, and cultural dominance. The capital is Havana on the northern coast of the western third of the island.
The second largest city is Santiago de Cuba in the province of Oriente, where the Roman Catholic archbishopric was established in the colonial era. Although Santiago sometimes is called the "second capital," the economic importance of the port of Havana has given it a hugely disproportionate role in the definition of the national culture.
Recent population estimates range from At least 50 percent of the population is classified as mulatto mixed African and European descentalthough the cultural privilege assigned to whiteness probably causes many mulattos to minimize their African heritage.
Thirty-seven percent of the population claims to be exclusively white, and 11 percent is classified as "negro. In the African population was larger than that of whites. Although the larger slave-holding plantations were in the west, escaped and emancipated slaves often fled east, where they could more easily hide or establish themselves on small unclaimed plots of land in Oriente.
Thus, it is there that Afrocuban art, religion, and music were most strongly expressed and the cultural movement "afrocubanismo" began. Nearly all Cubans speak Spanish exclusively. The dialect is similar to that in the other Hispanic Caribbean islands, although the rhythmic speaking and the use of highly expressive hand gestures are distinctly Cuban.
Languages spoken by the indigenous population are extinct. French was spoken for a short time by slave-holding European refugees from the Haitian revolution but this has since died out. The three major symbols of national identity have arisen from the three struggles for independence.
The national anthem was composed at the start of the first war for independence, the Ten Years War It is a call to arms that evokes the image of the peasants of the town of Bayamo in the eastern heartland. The second national symbol is the flag. It has a white star imposed on a red triangle, modeled on the triangular symbol of the Masonic lodges in which the struggle against Spain was organized.
The triangle is imposed on Cuba three blue stripes alternating with two white stripes.The music of Cuba, including its instruments, performance and dance, comprises a large set of unique traditions influenced mostly by west African and European (especially Spanish) music.
Due to the syncretic nature of most of its genres, Cuban music is often considered one of the richest and most influential regional musics of the world. These facts about Cuban music will give you a small insight into the fascinating world of music in Cuba.
Melodyful Staff Music that belongs to a certain country or culture is interlaced with the history of the land, and there can be no denying the connection that the local people feel towards that particular brand of music. The origins of Cuban dancing date back to colonization, when the Spanish arrived with new instruments (guitars and violins) and different melodies.
Punto campesino (peasant dances) emerged from the interaction of Spanish music with Afro-Cuban culture. The music of the countryside, known collectively as musica campensina, gave rise to guajira, the lyrical, sweet musical form that extols the virtues of the land and Cuba’s beauty, while the trova, another rural style of music from the eastern part of the island, dispersed news and gossip, often through satire.
The origins of Cuban dancing date back to colonization, when the Spanish arrived with new instruments (guitars and violins) and different melodies. Punto campesino (peasant dances) emerged from the interaction of Spanish music with Afro-Cuban culture. Request your FREE Brochure! Browse itineraries, check out photos, and learn more about upcoming trips with our FREE brochure.