Nursing care is doing something to or for the person or providing information to the person with the goals of meeting needs, increasing or restoring self-help ability, or alleviating impairment.
Using the 21 nursing problems technique, the clinical practitioner could assess the patient, make a nursing diagnosis and plan interventions. She believed that as the education of nurses improves, nursing practice improves as well. Client centered care emphasizes the principle that every nursing goal should be geared towards treating the patient and not just the mere illness.
Research played a great part in the selection of the 21 problem classifications. Her researches were actually the major strengths of her works. In fact, her framework continues to stimulate research about the role and responsibilities of the nurse.
The broad nature of the concepts in her framework offers opportunities to identify directional relationships in nursing interventions. Her theories continue to guide researchers to focus on the body of nursing knowledge itself, the identification of patient problems, the organization of nursing interventions, the improvement of nursing education, and the structure of the curriculum.
The typology utilized by Abdellah became the root for cultivating the nursing care model and was then employed for setting up the staffing outline in clinical settings. Educators came to the realization that revisions are of prime importance if nurses were to become self-governing.
They saw that the biggest flaw in the profession was the absence or limited base of a scientific body of knowledge unique to nursing. The typology satisfied this void and gave the most crucial and timely opportunity to move away from the medical replica of cultivating nurses.
Professors and educators realized the importance of client centered care rather than focusing on medical interventions. Nursing education then slowly deviated its concentration from the complex, medical concepts, into exercising better attention to the client as the primary concern.
The theory has interrelated the concepts of health, nursing problems, and problem-solving. Problem-solving is an activity that is inherently logical in nature. The framework focuses on nursing practice and individual patients.
To maintain good hygiene and physical comfort. Patients are bathed every morning after waking up and in the government hospital, charity ward, they are altogether taking a bath assisted by the nurses.
After that, they are provided by hospital gowns to keep them clean.
To promote optimal activity: Every morning, they are encouraged to exercise altogether and one patient leads the rest to perform daily workout like stretching or dance class.
After taking their night medications, they are allowed to rest and sleep. As a nurse, I keep a calm and quiet environment for them to have a good sleep.
To promote safety through prevention of accident, injury, or other trauma and through the prevention of the spread of infection. As many patients stay together in one single room in a ward, we prevent spread of infection by isolating patients with communicable diseases like scabies.
We always maintain safety precautions because patients with mental illness are likely to have suicidal, homicidal and escape precautions therefore as a nurse you should be aware of their happenings all the time.
To maintain good body mechanics and prevent and correct deformity. With patients with bed sores, good body mechanics is very important so we turn the patient from side to side or change position to prevent immobility and pressure. To facilitate the maintenance of a supply of oxygen to all body cells.
If a patient verbalizes difficulty of breathing and upon assessment he is grasping for air, after proper referral we attach supply of oxygen via nasal cannula or face mask.
To facilitate the maintenance of nutrition of all body cells. Patients eat altogether in a pantry where they are supplied with the same tray of food. For patients who eat very fast, they are prone to choking so you have to supervise their feeding and divide large pieces of food into small pieces.
To facilitate the maintenance of elimination. Patients who have difficulty in elimination, we provide dietary supplements like fiber-rich foods for those with constipation.
Most disturbed patients are with restraints so they just urinate on the floor, you have to change their clothes to prevent infection. To facilitate the maintenance of fluid and electrolyte balance.
To recognize the physiological responses of the body to disease conditions—pathological, physiological, and compensatory.Faye Glenn Abdellah, pioneer nursing researcher, helped transform nursing theory, nursing care and nursing education Birth Dr Abdellah worked as Deputy Surgeon General Former Chief Nurse Officer for the US Public Health Service, Department of Health and human services, Washington, D.C.
Faye Glenn Abdellah is a pioneer in nursing research. She was the first nurse officer to receive the rank of a two-star rear admiral. Twenty One Nursing Problems. Nursing is broadly grouped into 21 problem areas to guide care and promote the use of nursing judgement.
Introduced Patient. Faye Glenn Abdellah's Contribution to Nursing Theory: Twenty-One Nursing Problems According to Abdellah's Twenty-One Nursing Problems theory of nursing, "Nursing is based on an art and science that moulds the attitudes, intellectual competencies, and technical skills of the individual nurse into the desire and ability to help people, sick or.
Application To Nursing Practice Dr. Abdellah 's typology of 21 nursing problems is a conceptual model mainly concerned with patient 's needs and the role of nurses in problem identification using a problem analysis approach.
Abdellah ‘s typology of 21 nursing problems is a conceptual model mainly concerned with patient’s needs and the role of nurses in problem identification using a problem analysis approach. According to the model, patients are described as having physical, emotional, and sociological needs. Faye Glenn Abdellah's Contribution to Nursing Theory: Twenty-One Nursing Problems According to Abdellah's Twenty-One Nursing Problems theory of nursing, "Nursing is based on an art and science that moulds the attitudes, intellectual competencies, and technical skills of the individual nurse into the desire and ability to help people, sick or well, cope with their health needs.".